September 26

Fast Facts: What You Need to Know About Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

By fitness

September 26, 2022

Medically reviewed byRobyn Faye, M.D.

September is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) consciousness month.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is among the commonest hormonal issues in ladies. Yet, as much as 75% of people that have PCOS stay undiagnosed. We reached out to Robyn Faye, M.D., an OB-GYN with Abington-Jefferson Women’s Health Care Group and a member of HealthyWomen’s Women’s Health Advisory Council, to search out out what it is best to learn about this situation.

What is PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome)?

PCOS is a hormonal dysfunction that impacts the ovaries. People with PCOS might have too many male hormone (androgen) ranges or different irregular lab outcomes, rare durations, and/or enlarged ovaries which have small fluid-filled sacs, generally known as follicles or cysts, on their periphery.

What are the signs of PCOS?

PCOS signs are completely different for everyone. However, some widespread signs of PCOS are:

  • Irregular durations
  • Severe zits
  • Excess facial or physique hair progress (fancy phrase for this: hirsutism)
  • Weight acquire
  • Insulin resistance (when your physique doesn't reply to insulin, which regularly ends in excessive blood sugar ranges and may probably result in diabetes)
  • Abnormally excessive ranges of insulin in your blood (referred to as hyperinsulinemia, if you wish to get technical)

How does PCOS get identified?

PCOS will be identified by healthcare suppliers (HCPs) based mostly on signs, a pelvic examination or transvaginal ultrasound to search for abnormalities, or by way of blood assessments.

  • PCOS will be identified when an individual has at the very least two of three telltale indicators:
    • Abnormal blood take a look at outcomes
    • Irregular durations
    • “Ring of pearls” (ovaries with elevated cysts and quantity)
  • Clues from blood work {that a} HCP can use to find out if an individual has PCOS will be:
    • High androgen ranges
    • Signs of metabolic points comparable to extreme insulin in blood and excessive fasting ldl cholesterol, triglyceride or blood glucose ranges

What causes PCOS?

We don’t know precisely what causes PCOS but, however specialists suppose PCOS might be influenced by genetics and the surroundings.

How do you deal with PCOS?

There’s no remedy for PCOS, however there are various therapies that will assist to regulate PCOS signs and hold it from getting worse. The therapy that's best for you depends upon your particular wants. For instance:

  • Lifestyle modifications aimed toward weight reduction, together with a low-calorie food regimen and train program, are widespread suggestions for all PCOS sufferers. This is as a result of weight reduction might assist PCOS get higher and assist push back its attainable results in your metabolism.
  • Birth management tablets may help cut back androgen ranges and regulate an individual’s menstrual cycle.
  • Metformin, a typical Type 2 diabetes remedy, may help enhance insulin resistance and decrease blood sugar ranges.
  • Spironolactone, which minimizes the impact of extra androgens on the pores and skin, might help with extreme zits brought on by PCOS.

Does PCOS trigger different medical situations?

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