February 3

Constipation: Symptoms, Causes and Effective Treatments

By Fitness Blog

February 3, 2022

Constipation: Symptoms, Causes and Effective Treatments HealthifyMe Blog HealthifyMe Blog – The definitive guide to weight loss, fitness and living a healthier life.

Many individuals might expertise constipation sooner or later in life. For instance, chances are you'll expertise constipation if you don't devour sufficient dietary fibre and drink sufficient quantities of fluids. It may also happen resulting from irregular or uncommon defecation habits. Not having bowel actions for a number of days will trigger stomach discomfort and hurt your well being.

Although constipation is sort of frequent, power constipation is usually a concern. It might happen resulting from distinct causes equivalent to stool passing by means of the colon slowly, dehydration, meals transferring slowly by means of the digestive tract, and extra. This article will element the causes, signs, and coverings for constipation.

Various dwelling treatments can help in easing constipation, equivalent to consuming apple cider vinegar. However, if the house treatments aren’t useful and the constipation is power, it's advisable to hunt skilled assist.

What is Constipation?

Constipation is a gastrointestinal tract dysfunction or downside that results in rare stools (lower than three stools per week) or ache and stiffness within the stool passage. Chronic constipation might result in the impaction of the gut, which can even require surgical procedure.

Aspects which will consequence within the emergence of constipation in a person embrace adjustments in food regimen, colonic motility, day by day behaviours, organic and different pharmaceutical elements. Studies present that round a mean of 16% of adults worldwide have constipation. Furthermore, constipation is prevalent amongst 33.5% of adults (aged 60-110 years).


Merely the bowel motion can not decide whether or not you could have constipation or not. It is as a result of every particular person has totally different bowel habits. Some of the numerous signs of constipation are:

  • Passing stools lower than 3 times per week.
  • Having stools which are onerous, dry, or lumpy.
  • Going by means of ache or pressure whereas stooling.
  • Feeling full even after stools.
  • Not having the ability to cross stool fully.

Other signs of constipation that require in search of medical recommendation embrace:

  • Presence of blood within the stool.
  • Persistent ache within the decrease again.
  • Cramping and ache within the stomach.
  • Sudden adjustments in bowel actions.
  • Vomiting or fever.
  • Sudden weight reduction.
  • Feeling bloated

The Causes of Constipation

The individual's colon absorbs water from the meals consumed. The left over materials after the water and vitamins are absorbed is named stool or feces. This will get saved within the rectum which is a dilated sac like construction of the intestines, earlier than it will get excreted from the physique. However, if it doesn’t get excreted from the colon for an extended time, you might have bowel difficulties.

You can also face difficulties if the colon absorbs an excessive amount of water from the stool, making it dry. In this case, the stool turns into too onerous and painful to cross. Constipation can also happen when the waste materials (stool) slowly strikes by means of your digestive system. The slower it strikes, the more durable it’ll grow to be to cross stools.

Let’s focus on the causes of constipation intimately under:


One of the main causes of constipation is an absence of fiber in your food regimen. If you don't devour sufficient quantities of fiber-containing meals equivalent to greens, fruits and drink much less water, you might have extra probabilities of experiencing constipation. 

The cause is straightforward; a excessive fiber food regimen leads to elevated stool weight, resulting in a decreased time of colon transiting. On the opposite hand, a low fibre food regimen does the alternative and leads to constipation. Studies have proven {that a} excessive fiber food regimen solely helps people who've regular colonic capabilities and transit time. Those who present a delayed colonic transit time, don't profit from a excessive fiber food regimen. However, it received’t profit sufferers with constipation and delayed colonic transit.


Some of the medical circumstances or ailments that result in constipation embrace:

  • Mechanically, chances are you'll expertise constipation because of the rectal, colon and anal stricture. Additionally, it could even be resulting from intestinal pseudo-obstruction and megacolon rectocele. Furthermore, diverticulosis, injured tissues.
  • Metabolic or endocrine circumstances like porphyria, being pregnant, hypothyroidism, hypercalcemia, diabetes mellitus, and hyperthyroidism
  • Depression, consuming problems, nervousness, and different associated psychological circumstances
  • Myopathic problems like amyloidosis and scleroderma
  • Neurological problems embrace Parkinson’s illness, paraplegia, spinal wire harm, spina bifida, stroke, and autonomic neuropathy
  • Anal circumstances equivalent to haemorrhoids, anal strictures, and anal fissures might delay the stool removing course of leading to power constipation. It outcomes from the ache that you could be undergo throughout faecal excretion.
  • Internal stenosis might consequence from most cancers or causes associated to it. For instance, tumours, intestinal radiation, colorectal most cancers, and many others., might result in constipation. It can also happen resulting from intestinal plenty, sigmoid or cecal volvulus, inflammatory, and ischemic or surgical stenosis.
  • Connective tissue problems like lupus
  • People having the Hirschsprung illness can also get constipation as they're extra inclined to it.


Different forms of drugs can also result in constipation. Hence, be sure that you don’t use these drugs above the secure restrict.

  • Anticholinergic medicine equivalent to Hyoscine
  • Antipyretic medicine like codeine and morphine
  • Antipsychotics equivalent to clozapine and haloperidol
  • Antidepressants like fluoxetine and imipramine
  • Food dietary supplements with calcium and iron
  • Drugs used for lipid-lowering and blood pressure-lowering
  • Antioxidants, antihistamines, muscle relaxants, and anti-ulcer medicine
  1. Other frequent causes 
  • Older age: Research exhibits that senior adults with cognitive impairment, much less dietary fibre consumption, and diminished mobility are extra susceptible to constipation.
  • Dehydration: Loss of fluid or insufficient fluid consumption might result in constipation, as per studies.
  • Less frequent workouts.
  • Travel or related routine adjustments

Relief And Treatment

Some methods might assist ease constipation. The finest means could be to vary your food regimen and bodily actions. It might allow you to to deal with and even get aid from constipation. Try out the next strategies for constructive outcomes:

  • Limiting or avoiding alcohol/caffeine consumption as these drinks result in dehydration.
  • Drinking an elevated quantity of fluids for hydrating your self prevents stool from drying.
  • Increasing fibre-rich meals consumption by consuming uncooked greens, fruits, beans, entire grain, bran cereal, and prunes might assist. Hence, it is best to make your day by day fibre consumption between 20-25 grams.
  • Increasing your train ranges to round 150 minutes of reasonable train per week.
  • Passing stool as quickly as you could have the urge to have bowel actions.
  • Cutting down on low fibre meals like milk, cheese, meat, and different processed meals
  • Get used to having bowel actions round 15-45 minutes earlier than breakfast by means of bowel coaching (You might take assist from a health care provider).
  • Ask your medical healthcare skilled and take laxatives as per their solutions. However, don’t use them greater than twice per week with out directions from a doctor.
  • Take prescribed remedy and drugs from a medical healthcare skilled for alleviating constipation. 

Medications for Constipation

You may also check out sure drugs advisable by your doctor (equivalent to laxatives) and the aforementioned therapies in the event that they alone don’t present fruitful outcomes.

  • Take stool softeners like Surfak and Colace.
  • Consume fibre dietary supplements.
  • Use lubricants like mineral oil.
  • Take assist from stimulants like Senokot.
  • Use osmotic brokers like Milk of Magnesia.

Prescription Drugs for Constipation

Several medicinal medicine might allow you to along with your constipation points. Such prescribed drugs embrace:

  • Prucalopride: It assists in growing bowel actions by engaged on the colon partitions, which ends up in elevated stooling.
  • Lubiprostone: It permits your stool to cross effortlessly by growing the fluid ranges in your bowels.
  • Linaclotide or Plecanatide makes bowel actions extra frequent by dashing up meals passage by means of the gastrointestinal tract and growing fluid ranges in your intestines.

Other therapies

  • Surgical removing of the hardened stools: It happens in long-term constipation. (power instances)
  • Biofeedback remedy for retraining your muscular tissues
  • Manual removing of faeces for elevated aid
  • An enema.
  • Long time period therapies equivalent to IBS (for power circumstances)

How To Prevent Constipation Efficiently?

You may also forestall constipation by means of particular practices. These are just like the strategies that you just use for relieving constipation.

  • Research means that consuming roughly 1.5-2 litres of water per day is useful. Drinking extra water is an effective way to alleviate and stop constipation.
  • Consume extra high-fibre meals as advised by your healthcare skilled (approx. 25 grams as per research)
  • Exercise commonly and keep lively.
  • Eat extra greens, fruits, and entire grains.
  • Adapt your self to the behavior of utilizing the restroom day by day on the similar time.
  • Avoid caffeine and alcohol to forestall dehydration.
  • Try to handle your stress ranges.
  • Do not attempt to management the urge to defecate. Instead, attend to nature’s calls instantly.

Studies present that fibre-rich meals can enhance intestinal peristalsis and improve faecal weight. In addition, all these meals act as pure laxatives that forestall constipation.

Helpful Indian Home Remedies For Constipation

If the standard treatments aren’t understanding for you, you possibly can check out Indian ayurvedic treatments for constipation. The conventional natural components and different cures that you may attempt embrace:

1. Ginger

Ginger is a good digestive assist, as per a analysis evaluate. It may help in decreasing the stress in your decrease intestines. During constipation, this diminished stress may help you could have a bowel motion. Ginger is secure for all, whether or not pregnant, nursing, or baby.

Way to make use of 

Slice the basis of the ginger into small items and slowly chew it. If it isn’t good to your tastebuds, then chances are you'll brew ginger tea or simply boil it a bit and drink the ginger water.

2. Triphala 

Another Indian natural treatment you possibly can attempt for constipation is Triphala. It’s the mix of Belleric myrobalan (Bibhitaki), Indian gooseberry (Amalaki), and Black myrobalan (Haritaki). It acts as a gentle laxative together with its antioxidant and anti inflammatory properties.

Haritaki helps in loosening stools. Amalaki accommodates cooling properties that cut back irritation and funky down your abdomen’s internal lining. Bibhitaki accommodates dietary fibres that ease constipation as they're digestive brokers.

Ways to make use of

You can buy the natural combination of Triphala that is available in powder, liquid, or tablet type.

3. Lemon Water

As lemon is a citrus fruit, it accommodates excessive fibre and vitamin C ranges, which can stimulate your bowel motion. Hence, individuals use it as a solution to struggle in opposition to constipation. It’s secure, and anybody can use this selfmade treatment.

Ways to make use of

Mix freshly-squeezed lemon juice with some heat water and slowly sip on it (within the morning). You ought to keep hydrated by consuming water commonly all through the day.

4. Senna Tea

Senna Tea is another choice. It’s a natural combination made up of flowers of vegetation inside the legume household. Although these vegetation are globally current, a selected kind is cultivated in India. It has unbelievable well being advantages.

These leaves assist in preventing constipation as they include Sennosides. These compounds assist in triggering your digestive tract, which stimulates bowel motion. However, if you're nursing, pregnant, taking steroids, or having blood thinners, it is best to keep away from this treatment. If you employ Senna tea extensively, it could result in damages to your digestive tract.

Ways to make use of

You can buy the senna tea baggage or leaves and brew them like common tea. 

Constipation: Diagnosis

If you could have power constipation or standard therapies aren't serving to ease your issues, it’s time to go for skilled remedy. When you go to a health care provider, they diagnose your constipation based mostly on various factors. For instance, they are going to ask questions concerning your medical historical past. Then, they are going to bodily look at you, ask about household medical historical past and should even write down some exams for a whole prognosis.

In the start, your physician or healthcare skilled will do the next:

  • Ask about your well being historical past, for instance, in case you had surgical procedure within the digestive tract.
  • Ask whether or not you had alterations in your weight.
  • Will ask about totally different well being circumstances like drugs (together with dietary supplements, different, and complementary medicines) you’re going by means of, signs, or any underlying circumstances.
  • They will ask about your consuming habits and bodily exercise ranges.
  • May carry out a blood take a look at to check your electrolytes, blood depend, and thyroid operate.
  • Perform a bodily examination together with a rectal examination.

Apart from this, there are particular different exams to determine constipation that embrace:

1. Colorectal Transit Study

Colorectal transit research are bowel operate exams that professionals carry out to grasp your bowel actions. This take a look at helps perceive how the meals strikes by means of the colon of a physique.

To undergo this take a look at, you'll have to take a tablet that accommodates markers. The markers might be seen on the x-ray. Then the skilled will carry out a number of stomach X-rays for 3-7 days. It will enable them to visualise how the meals motion takes place in your colon and whether or not your intestinal muscular tissues work adequately or not. You can also must eat high-fibre meals in the course of the exams.

2. Barium Enema X-ray

The healthcare skilled can also look at your colon by means of a barium enema X-ray. It is a take a look at for diagnosing constipation. This take a look at requires you to drink a selected liquid. You must drink it an evening earlier than the take a look at as it would assist clear out your bowel.

The skilled will insert barium (a dye) in your rectum by means of a lubricated tube in the course of the take a look at. The barium will make the colon and the rectum space extra seen throughout an X-ray.

3. Anorectal Manometry

You might must take the anorectal manometry take a look at. It permits the healthcare skilled to judge the operate of your anal sphincter muscle. During this take a look at, the medical healthcare skilled will insert a catheter (a small versatile tube) having a balloon at its finish contained in the anal opening. Then, the skilled will insert it until it reaches the rectum.

After that, the healthcare skilled will inflate the balloon. Later, the skilled will pull it out to grasp the muscle energy of your anal sphincter. It will even allow you to perceive whether or not your muscular tissues contract correctly or not.

4. Colonoscopy

Another take a look at useful for diagnosing constipation is colonoscopy. The healthcare skilled will use a colonoscope to look at your colon on this take a look at. This tube additionally has a digicam and lightweight supply.

The healthcare skilled provides you with a sedative and ache drugs to keep away from ache in the course of the take a look at. You can even have to remain on a liquid-only food regimen (for 1-3 days) to organize for the take a look at. Furthermore, you may additionally must filter your bowel both by means of a laxative or enema.


Constipation is a standard well being concern which will happen resulting from sure circumstances like adjustments in food regimen, medical circumstances, dehydration, and lots of different elements.

The most effective solution to remedy the difficulty of constipation is to check out dwelling treatments which embrace elevated fibre consumption, common train, staying hydrated, and many others. However, if these strategies don’t work, it's also possible to check out Indian dwelling treatments for constipation as they're ayurvedic and natural cures.

However, constipation might not resolve by these strategies, and signs might worsen. For instance, this may increasingly trigger ache within the rectum or anal openings or the absence of bowel actions for longer. In that case, it is best to discuss to a medical skilled. They may help you with particular medical therapies after prognosis and offer you applicable medicine.

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